Land use is in a constant transformation process. Adaptation to constantly changing framework conditions, for example due to environmental influences as well as social and political change, requires a constant adjustment of human actions.
As much as climate change is a hardly calculable factor, the sustainable development of agricultural landscapes requires a coupling of production-oriented planning with new strategies to ensure ecological diversity and equal opportunities for alternative socio-technical management systems.
The constant transformation process affects the distribution of different production systems in the country. The search for new models for economic production leads from classical approaches (projects, products) to integrated strategies (platforms, management system solutions). This development is influenced, for example, by the increasing digitalisation of applications in agricultural engineering, by new communication methods between politics and society, agriculture and research, and by changed conditions for risk assessment, insurance, sales and marketing using new techniques in data evaluation (big data). Policymakers are responding with demands for research to increase knowledge transfer from research to society and for participation in the development of sustainability-oriented innovations in cooperation with agriculture and related business sectors.
The future of agricultural systems currently seems to depend on some radical changes in structure and organization. This is shown by an increasing number of projects which have set themselves the task of developing innovations which are not only more efficient and resource-saving, but also reflect the state of the art in terms of energy sources and networks, data infrastructure use and the closure of material cycles in biomass production and utilization. This is also accompanied by changes in business models: increasing standardization and integration. The challenge lies in the great uncertainty of economic success in the interaction between the economy, actors and the ecological environment. Innovations therefore not only include new products and services, but also new approaches for evaluation, categorization and risk analysis, algorithms for decision support in production management, development of measures to improve the resilience of crops and livestock, measures for incentives, information or advice as well as training and learning.