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Lower Transcendencies: Angels and Intermediary Beings

Even in so-called monotheistic religions, beings who are neither human nor divine (angels, demons, aeons, spirits) are persistently thought of below the high deity. They enjoyed wide popularity, especially as they meet the need for healing, information and speculation. Using system-theoretical considerations, the "necessité de l'angélologie" (H. Corbin) and the differentiation of various transcendencies will be reconstructed. Currently, a volume is emerging on the origins of biblical mediators and their ramifications in apocryphal, Gnostic and other 'heterodox' traditions.

See also:

  • Hafner, Johann Ev.: Religionswissenschaftliche Kategoriebildung - am Beispiel 'Engel'. In: Stausberg, Michael (Ed.): Religionswissenschaft. Berlin 2012, pp. 155-168.
  • Hafner, Johann Ev.: Wozu dienen Engel? Zur Funktion niedriger Transzendenzen. In: Jung, Hermann (Ed.): Symbolon, Jahrbuch Band 18, Frankfurt/M. 2012, pp. 159-183.
  • Hafner, Johann Ev.: Die Engel im Christentum. In: Franzl, Klaus Peter/Hahn, Sylvia/Haßlberger, Bernhard (Eds.): Engel. Mittler zwischen Himmel und Erde. Freising 2010, pp. 40-59.
  • Hafner, Johann Ev./Diemling, Patrick (Ed.): Die Kommunikation Satans. Einflüsterungen, Briefe, Gespräche des Bösen. Frankfurt a.M. 2010.
  • Hafner, Johann Ev.: Angelologie. Paderborn 2009.
  • Hafner, Johann Ev.: Engelssprachen – einfache Doppelkontingenz. Ein Beitrag zur Kommunikationstheorie. In: Ebertz, Michael N./Faber, Richard (Eds.): Engel unter uns. Soziologische und theologische Miniaturen. Würzburg 2008, pp. 91-99.