Tim Dietrich receives ERC Starting Grant for exploring binary neutron stars

Simulation of two merging neutron stars, each with a mass of 1.35 solar masses. From red to blue, increasing densities are shown.
Prof. Dr. Tim Dietrich
Photo : Tim Dietrich
Simulation of two merging neutron stars, each with a mass of 1.35 solar masses. From red to blue, increasing densities are shown.
Photo : Thomas Roese
Prof. Dr. Tim Dietrich

Tim Dietrich, seit 2020 Professor für Theoretische Astrophysik an der Universität Potsdam und Max-Planck-Fellow am Max-Planck-Institut für Gravitationsphysik, erhält einen European Research Council (ERC) Starting Grant in Höhe von 1,5 Millionen Euro für sein Forschungsprojekt „SMArt“ (From Subatomic to Cosmic Scales: Simulation, Modellierung und Analyse der Verschmelzung binärer Neutronensterne). In den kommenden fünf Jahren wollen er und sein Team damit u.a. der Frage nachgehen, wie schnell sich unser Universum ausdehnt.

Tim Dietrich, since 2020 Professor for Theoretical Astrophysics at the University of Potsdam and Max Planck Fellow at the Max Planck Institute of Gravitational Physics, receives a European Research Council (ERC) Starting Grant worth 1.5 million euros for his research project “SMArt” (“From Subatomic to Cosmic Scales: Simulating, Modelling, and Analyzing Binary Neutron Star Mergers”). With the help of the grant, he and his team want to unravel the expansion rate of our universe over the next five years, among other things.

Neutron stars, remnants of supernova explosions of massive stars, are among the most compact objects in our Universe. Dietrich’s research focuses on studying the collision of two neutron stars. Although rare events, scientists expect to observe an increasing number of observations in the near future when the gravitational-wave detectors Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo, and KAGRA are back online with improved sensitivity after a three-year upgrade.
With the help of the ERC grant, Dietrich and his group will work on two important open questions in modern physics: “What is the nature of matter at supranuclear densities?” and “What is the expansion rate of our Universe?” These open questions of nuclear physics and cosmology can be answered with observations of various cosmic signals of merging binary neutron stars. The window to study these fascinating events has only recently been opened with the upgrades of the gravitational-wave observatories Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo and by combining gravitational-wave information with that of powerful telescopes in the electromagnetic spectrum - from infrared, to optical, to gamma-rays. In 2017, the gravitational-wave detectors caught the first signal from a binary neutron star merger and about 70 astronomical observatories on Earth and in space were involved in follow-up observations and investigated electromagnetic signals of this event.

“We are currently at a crossroads where the development of accurate and robust theoretical models is crucial to keep up with the development of experimental instrumentation,” says Dietrich, “without noticeable upgrades of our models, future analyses will be biased through modeling uncertainties.” Therefore, the ERC project will focus on developing new and more advanced models to interpret binary neutron-star coalescences. For this purpose, Dietrich and his group will use novel techniques to improve the accuracy of their numerical-relativity simulations. Because of their complexity, such simulations typically run on large high-performance computing facilities. Based on the new simulations, Dietrich and his research group will model the gravitational-wave and electromagnetic emission from binary neutron star mergers with higher accuracy and connect theoretical computations with observational data.

Link to Press Release ERC: https://erc.europa.eu/news-events/news/starting-grants-2022-call-results

Link to Press Release AEI: https://www.aei.mpg.de/979588/tim-dietrich-receives-erc-starting-grant-for-exploring-binary-neutron-stars

Image 1: Simulation of two merging neutron stars, each with a mass of 1.35 solar masses. From red to blue, increasing densities are shown. Image Credit: Tim Dietrich.
Image 2: Prof. Dr. Tim Dietrich. Image Credit: Thomas Roese.

Prof. Dr. Tim Dietrich, Institute of Physics and Astronomy and Max-Planck-Institute for Gravitational Physics
Tel.: +49 331 977-230160
Mail: tim.dietrichuni-potsdamde

Media Information 22-11-2022 / Nr. 126