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Publications: Language Acquisition


Marimon, M., Langus, A., & Höhle, B. (2024). Prosody outweighs statistics in 6-month-old German-learning infants' speech segmentation. Infancy.

Götz, A., Männel, C., Schwarzer, G., Krasotkina, A., & Höhle, B. (2024). Neural correlates of lexical-tone and vowel-quality processing in 6- and 9-month-old German-learning infants and adults. Journal of Child Language.

Omane, P. O., Benders, T., & Boll-Avetisyan, N. (2024). Vowel harmony preferences in infants growing up in multilingual Ghana (Africa). Developmental Psychology.

Sensoy, Ö., Krasotkina, A., Götz, A., Höhle, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2024). Differences in the interplay of face and speech processing in 5-year-olds and adults. International Journal of Behavioral Development.

Piot, L., Nazzi, T., & Boll-Avetisyan, N. (2024). Infants' sensitivity to phonotactic regularities related to perceptually low-salient fricatives: A cross-linguistic study. Frontiers in Psychology, 15.

Götz, A., Krasotkina, A., Schwarzer, G., & Höhle, B. (2024). Asymmetries in infants’ vowel perception: Changes in vowel discrimination in German learning 6- and 9-month-old infants. Language and Speech.

Vanoncini, M., Höhl, S., Elsner, B., Wallot, S., Boll-Avetisyan, N., & Kayhan, E. (2024). Mother-infant social gaze dynamics relate to infant brain activity and word segmentation. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 65, 101331.


Kalashnikova, M., Singh, L., Tsui, A., Altuntas, E., Burnham, D., Cannistraci, R., Chin, N. B., Feng, Y., Fernández-Merino, L., Götz, A., Gustavsson, L., Hay, J., Höhle, B., Kager, R., Lai, R., Liu, L., Marklund, E., Nazzi, T., Oliveira, D. S., ... Woo, P. J. (2023). The development of tone discrimination in infancy: Evidence from a cross-linguistic, multi-lab report. Developmental Science, e13459.

Aravena-Bravo, P., Cristia, A., Garcia, R., Kotera, H., Kunene Nicolas, R., Laranjo, R., Arokoyo, B., Benavides, S., Benders, T., Boll-Avetisyan, N., Cychosz, M., Dal Ben, R., Diop, Y., Durán-Urzúa, C., Havron, N., Manalili, M., Narasimhan, B., Omane, P., Rowland, C., ... Woon, F. (2023, January 13). Towards diversifying early language development research: First Truly Global International Summer/Winter School on Language Acquisition (/L+/) 2021.

Langus, A., Boll-Avetisyan, N., van Ommen, S., & Nazzi, T. (2023). Music and language in the crib: Early cross-domain effects of experience on categorical perception of prominence in spoken language. Developmental Science, 26(5), e13383.

Omane, P. O., Benders, T., Duah, R., & Boll-Avetisyan, N. (2023). Diversifying language acquisition research can be (partly) achieved in urban societies and with simplified methodologies: Insights from multilingual Ghana. Journal of Child Language, 50(3), 532–536.


Abakarova, D., Fuchs, S., & Noiray, A. (2022). Developmental changes in coarticulation degree relate to differences in articulatory patterns: An empirically grounded modeling approach. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 65(9), 3276–3299.

Marimon, M., Höhle, B., & Langus, A. (2022). Pupillary entrainment reveals individual differences in cue weighting in 9-month-old German-learning infants. Cognition, 224, 105054.

Vanoncini, M., Boll-Avetisyan, N., Elsner, B., Hoehl, S., & Kayhan, E. (2022). The role of mother-infant emotional synchrony in speech processing in 9-month-old infants. Infant Behavior and Development, 69, 101772.

Marimon, M., & Höhle, B. (2022). Testing prosodic development with the Headturn Preference Procedure: A test-retest reliability study. Infant and Child Development, 31(6), e2362.

Ren, J., & Höhle, B. (2022). The interplay between language acquisition and cognitive development. Infant Behavior and Development, 67, 101718.


Krüger, S., & Noiray, A. (2021). Developmental differences in perceptual anticipation underlie different sensitivities to coarticulatory dynamics. Journal of Child Language, 49(5), 959–978.

Marimon, M., Hofmann, A., Veríssimo, J., Männel, C., Friederici, A. D., Höhle, B., & Wartenburger, I. (2021) Children's learning of non-adjacent dependencies using a web-based computer game setting. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 734877.

Paul, M., Männel, C., van der Kant, A., Mueller, J. L., Höhle, B., Wartenburger, I., & Friederici, A. D. (2021). Gradual development of non-adjacent dependency learning during early childhood. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 50, 100975.

Krasotkina, A., Götz, A., Höhle, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2021). Bimodal familiarization re-sensitizes 12-month-olds infants to other-race faces. Infant Behavior and Development, 62, 101502,

Gasparini, L., Langus, A., Tsuji, S., & Boll-Avetisyan, N. (2021). Quantifying the role of rhythm in infants’ language discrimination abilities: A meta-analysis. Cognition, 213, 104757.

Horn, P., Fritzsche, T., Ehlert, A., & Adani, F. (2021). Tapping into the interplay of lexical and number knowledge using fast mapping: A longitudinal eye-tracking study with two-year-olds. Infant Behavior and Development, 64, 101573.

Walter, A., Fritzsche, T., & Höhle, B. (2021).  Grammatical gender acquisition in German: Three-year-old children use phonological cues to learn the gender of novel nouns. In Danielle Dionne & Lee-Ann Vidal Covas (Eds.), Proceedings of the 45th Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development (Vol. 2, pp. 746–760). Cascadilla Press.

Omane, P. O., & Höhle, B. (2021). Acquiring syntactic variability: The production of wh-questions in children and adults speaking Akan. Frontiers in Communication, 6, 604951.

Höhle, B., Fritzsche, T., Boll-Avetisyan, N., Hullebus, M., & Gafos, A. (2021). Respect the surroundings: Effects of phonetic context variability on infants' learning of minimal pairs. JASA Express Letters, 1(2), 024401.


Noiray, A., Ries, J., Tiede, M., Rubertus, E., Laporte, C., & Ménard, L. (2020). Recording and analyzing kinematic data in children and adults with SOLLAR: Sonographic & Optical Linguo-Labial Articulation Recording system. Laboratory Phonology, 11(1), 14.

Rubertus, E., & Noiray, A. (2020). Vocalic activation width decreases across childhood: Evidence from carryover coarticulation. Laboratory Phonology, 11(1), 7.

Richter, M., Paul, M., Höhle, B., & Wartenburger, I. (2020). Common ground information affects reference resolution: Evidence from behavioral data, ERPs, and eye-tracking. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 3378.

van der Kant, A., Männel, C., Paul, M., Friederici, A. D., Höhle, B., & Wartenburger, I. (2020). Linguistic and non-linguistic non-adjacent dependency learning in early development. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 45, 100819.

Krasotkina, A., Götz, A., Höhle, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2020). Infants’ gaze patterns for same-race and other-race faces, and the other-race effect. Brain Sciences, 10(6), 331.

Boll-Avetisyan, N., Bhatara, A., & Höhle, B. (2020). Processing of rhythm in speech and music in adult dyslexia. Brain Sciences, 10(5), 261.

Boll-Avetisyan, N., Bhatara, A., Unger, A., Höhle, B., & Nazzi, T. (2020). Rhythmic grouping bias in simultaneous bilinguals. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition.

Höhle, B., Fritzsche, T., Meß, K., Philipp, M., & Gafos, A. I. (2020). Only the right noise? Effects of phonetic and visual input variability on 14-month-olds' minimal pair word learning. Developmental Science , 23(5), e12950.

The ManyBabies Consortium. (2020). Quantifying sources of variability in infancy research using the infant-directed speech preference. Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science, 3(1), 24–52.

van Ommen, S., Boll-Avetisyan, N., Larraza, S., Wellman, C., Bijeljac-Babic, R., Höhle, B., & Nazzi, T. (2020). Language-specific prosodic acquisition: A comparison of phrase boundary perception by French- and German-learning infants. Journal of Memory and Language, 112, 104108.

Höhle, B., Bijeljac-Babic, R., & Nazzi, T. (2020). Variability and stability in early language acquisition: Comparing monolingual and bilingual infants' speech perception and word recognition. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 23(1), 56–71.

Garcia, R., Roeser, J., & Höhle, B. (2020). Children’s online use of word order and morphosyntactic markers in Tagalog thematic role assignment: An eye-tracking study. Journal of Child Language, 47(3), 533–555.


Noiray, A., Popescu, A., Killmer, H., Rubertus, E., Krüger, S., & Hintermeier, L. (2019). Spoken language development and the challenge of skill integration. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 2777.

Noiray, A., Wieling, M., Abakarova, D., Rubertus, E., & Tiede, M. (2019). Back from the future: Nonlinear anticipation in adults’ and children’s speech. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 62(8S), 3033–3054.

Hilton, M., Räling, R., Wartenburger, I., & Elsner, B. (2019). Parallels in processing boundary cues in speech and action. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1566.

Höhle, B. (2019). Die Rolle des Trochäus im Spracherwerb. Mitteilungen des Deutschen Germanistenverbands. 66(4), 377–382.

Garcia, R., Roeser, J., & Höhle, B. (2019). Thematic role assignment in L1 acquisition of Tagalog: Use of word order and morphosyntactic markers. Language Acquisition, 26(3), 235–261.

Tamasi, K., McKean, C., Gafos, A., & Höhle, B. (2019). Children’s gradient sensitivity to phonological mismatch: Considering the dynamics of looking behavior and pupil dilation. Journal of Child Language, 46(1), 1–23.

Chen, H., Szendroi, K., Crain, S., & Höhle, B. (2019). Understanding prosodic focus marking in  Mandarin Chinese: Data from children and adults. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 48(1), 19–32.

Junge, C., Boll-Avetisyan, N., & Benders, T. (2019). Speech perception and discrimination: From sounds to words. In J. S. Horst &. J. von Koss Torkildsen (Eds.), International Handbook of Language Acquisition (pp. 153–172). Routledge.


Rubertus, E., & Noiray, A. (2018). On the development of gestural organization: A cross-sectional study of vowel-to-vowel anticipatory coarticulation. PloS One, 13(9), e0203562.

Noiray, A., Abakarova, D., Rubertus, E., Krüger, S., & Tiede, M. (2018). How do children organize their speech in the first years of life? Insight from ultrasound imaging. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 61(6), 1355–1368.

Krasotkina, A., Götz, A., Höhle, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2018). Perceptual narrowing in speech and face recognition: Evidence for intra-individual cross-domain relations. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 1711.

Holzgrefe-Lang, J., Wellmann, C., Höhle, B., & Wartenburger, I. (2018). Infants’ processing of prosodic cues: Electrophysiological evidence for boundary perception beyond pause detection. Language and Speech, 61(1), 153–166.

Fernandez, L., Höhle, B., Brock, J., & Nickels, L. (2018). Investigating auditory processing of syntactic gaps with L2 speakers using pupillometry. Second Language Research, 34(2), 201–227. doi:10.1177/0267658317722386

Boll-Avetisyan, N., Nixon, J., Lentz, T., Liu, L., Ommen, S. van, Coltekin, C., & Rij, J. van (2018). Neural response development during distributional learning.  Proceedings of Interspeech 2018, Hyderabad, India, 2-6 September, 1432–1436. doi:10.21437/Interspeech.2018

Boll-Avetisyan, N. (2018). The role of phonological structure in speech segmentation by infants and adults: a review and methodological considerations. In Christiane Ulbrich, Alexander Werth, Richard Wiese (Eds.), Empirical Approaches to the Phonological Structure of Words (pp. 213–240). Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter. doi:10.1515/9783110542899

Nixon, J., Boll-Avetisyan, N., Lentz, T.O., van Ommen, S., Keij, B., Çöltekin, Ç, Liu, L. & van Rij, J. (2018). Short-term exposure enhances perception of both between- and within-category acoustic information. Proceedings of the Speech Prosody 9 Conference, Poznań, Poland, 114–118. doi:10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-23

Garcia, R., Dery, J. E., Roeser, J., & Höhle, B. (2018). Word order preferences of Tagalog-speaking adults and children. First Language. 38(6), 617–640. doi:10.1177/0142723718790317

Sauermann, A., & Höhle, B. (2018). Word order in German child language and child-directed speech: A corpus analysis on the ordering of double objects in the German middlefield. Glossa: a journal of general linguistics, 3(1), 57. doi:10.5334/gjgl.281

Chen, A., & Höhle, B.. (2018). Four- to five-year-olds’ use of word order and prosody in focus marking in Dutch. Linguistics Vanguard, 4(s1). doi:10.1515/lingvan-2016-0101

Bhatara, A., Boll-Avetisyan, N., Höhle, B., & Nazzi, T. (2018). Early sensitivity and acquisition of prosodic patterns at the lexical level. In P. Prieto & N. Esteve-Gibert (Eds.), The Development of Prosody in First Language Acquisition (pp. 38–57). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi:10.1075/tilar.23.03bha

Götz, A., Yeung, H., Krasotkina, A., Schwarzer, G., & Höhle, B. (2018). Perceptual Reorganization of lexical tones: Effects of age and experimental procedure. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 477. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00477

Süss, A., Hendriks, P., Fritzsche, T., & Höhle, B. (2018). Acquisition of adjectival agreement in German: Sensitivity to grammar is reflected in 3-year-olds' pupil dilation. In Anne B. Bertolini & Maxwell J. Kaplan (Eds.), Proceedings of the 42nd annual Boston University Conference on Language Development (Vol. 2, pp. 722–735). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.

Szendrői, K., Bernard, C., Berger, F., Gervain, J., & Höhle, B. (2018). Acquisition of prosodic focus marking by English, French, and German three-, four-, five- and six-year-olds. Journal of Child Language. 45(1), 219–241. doi:10.1017/S0305000917000071


Petrone, C., Truckenbrodt, H., Wellmann, C., Holzgrefe-Lang, J., Wartenburger, I., & Höhle, B.(2017). Prosodic boundary cues in German: Evidence from the production and perception of bracketed lists. Journal of Phonetics, 61, 71–92. doi:10.1016/j.wocn.2017.01.002

Szendrői, K., Schumacher, R., Fritzsche, T., & Höhle, B. (2017). Acquisition of quantifier raising of a universal across an existential: Evidence from German. Glossa: a journal of general linguistics, 2(1), 46. doi:10.5334/gjgl.261

Boll-Avetisyan, N., Bhatara, A., & Höhle, B. (2017). Effects of musicality on the perception of rhythmic structure in speech. Laboratory Phonology, 8(1), 9. doi:10.5334/labphon.91

Tamási, K., McKean, C., Gafos, A., Fritzsche, T., & Höhle, B. (2017). Pupillometry registers toddlers' sensitivity to degrees of mispronunciation. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 153, 140-148. doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2016.07.014


Abboub, N., Boll-Avetisyan, N., Bhatara, A., Höhle, B., & Nazzi, T. (2016). An exploration of rhythmic grouping of speech sequences by French- and German-learning infants. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 10(292). doi:10.3389/fnhum.2016.00292

Bhatara, A., Laukka, P., Boll-Avetisyan, N., Granjon, L., Anger Elfenbein, H., & Bänziger, T. (2016). Second Language Ability and Emotional Prosody Perception, PLoS ONE, 11(6), e0156855. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0156855

Holzgrefe-Lang, J., Wellmann, C., Petrone, C., Räling, R., Truckenbrodt, H., Höhle, B., & Wartenburger, I. (2016). How pitch change and final lengthening cue boundary perception in German: Converging evidence from ERPs and prosodic judgements. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 31(7), 904-920. doi: 10.1080/23273798.2016.1157195

Höhle, B., Fritzsche, T., & Müller, A. (2016). Children’s comprehension of sentences with focus particles and the role of cognitive control: An eye tracking study with German-learning 4-year-olds. PLoS ONE, 11(3), e0149870. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0149870

Boll-Avetisyan, N., & Kager, R. (2016). Is speech processing influenced by abstract or detailed phonotactic representations? The case of the Obligatory Contour Principle. Lingua, 171, 74–91. doi:10.1016/j.lingua.2015.11.008

Bijeljac-Babic, R., Höhle, B., & Nazzi, T. (2016). Early Prosodic Acquisition in Bilingual Infants: The Case of the Perceptual Trochaic Bias. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, e30843. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00210

Boll-Avetisyan, N., Bhatara, A.,  Unger, A., Nazzi, T., & Höhle, B. (2016). Effects of experience with L2 and music on rhythmic grouping by French listeners. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 19(5), 971–986. doi:10.1017/S1366728915000425

Bhatara, A., Boll-Avetisyan, N., Agus, T, Höhle, B., & Nazzi, T. (2016). Language experience affects grouping of musical instrument sounds. Cognitive Science, 40(7), 1816–1830. doi:10.1111/cogs.12300


Fritzsche, T., & Höhle, B. (2015). Phonological and lexical mismatch detection in 30-month-olds and adults measured by pupillometry. In: The Scottish Consortium for ICPhS 2015 (Ed.), Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. Glasgow, UK: University of Glasgow. ISBN 978-0-85261-941-4. Paper number 0339.

Adani, F., & Fritzsche, T. (2015). On the relation between implicit and explicit measures of child language development: Evidence from relative clause processing in 4-year-olds and adults. In: E. Grillo &  K. Jepson (Eds.). Proceedings of the 39th annual Boston University Conference on Language Development (Vol. 1, pp. 14–26). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.


Boll-Avetisyan, N., & Kager, R. (2014). OCP-Place in speech segmentation. Language and Speech,57(3), 394-421. doi:10.1177/0023830913508074

Höhle, B., Pauen, S., Hesse, V., & Weissenborn, J. (2014). Discrimination of rhythmic pattern at 4 months and language performance at 5 years: A longitudinal analysis of data from German-learning children. Language Learning,64, 141–164. doi:10.1111/lang.12075

Brandt-Kobele, O.-C., & Höhle, B. (2014). The detection of subject–verb agreement violations by German-speaking children: An eye-tracking study. Lingua, 144, 7-20. doi:10.1016/j.lingua.2013.12.008

Höhle, B., Hörnig, R., Weskott, T., Knauf, S., & Krüger, A. (2014). Effects of focus and definiteness on children's word order: Evidence from German five-year-olds' reproductions of double object constructions. Journal of Child Language,41(4), 780-810. doi:10.1017/S0305000913000196


Holzgrefe, J., Wellmann, C., Petrone, C., Truckenbrodt, H., Höhle, B., & Wartenburger, I. (2013). Brain response to prosodic boundary cues depends on boundary position. Frontiers in Psychology, 4(421). doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00421

Bhatara, A., Boll-Avetisyan, N., Unger, A., Nazzi, T., & Höhle, B. (2013). Native language affects rhythmic grouping of speech. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 134(5), 3828-3843. doi:10.1121/1.4823848

Bijeljac-Babic, R., Serres, J., Höhle, B., & Nazzi, T. (2013). Effect of bilingualism on the perception of lexical stress in 6-month-old French-learning infants. In S. Baiz, N. Goldman & R. Hawkes (Eds.), Proceedings of the 37th annual Boston University Conference on Language Development (Vol. 1, pp. 24-35). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.

Ott, S., & Höhle, B. (2013). Verb inflection in German-learning children with typical and atypical language acquisition: The impact of subsyllabic frequencies. Journal of Child Language, 40(1), 169-192. doi:10.1017/S030500091200027X


Wellmann, C., Holzgrefe, J., Truckenbrodt, H., Wartenburger, I., & Höhle, B. (2012). How each prosodic boundary cue matters: Evidence from German infants. Frontiers in Psychology, 3(580). doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00580

Boll-Avetisyan, N. (2012). Phonotactics and its Acquisition, Representation, and Use: An Experimental-Phonological Study. Doctoral dissertation. Utrecht: LOT Publications. LOT Dissertation series 298.

Bijeljac-Babic, R., Serres, J., Höhle, B., & Nazzi, T. (2012). Effect of bilingualism on lexical stress pattern discrimination in French-learning infants. PLoS ONE, 7(2), e30843. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0030843

Berger, F., & Höhle, B. (2012). Restrictions on addition: Children’s interpretation of the focus particles auch (‘also’) and nur (‘only’) in German. Journal of Child Language, 39, 383-410. doi:10.1017/S0305000911000122


Schröder, C., & Höhle, B. (2011). Prosodische Wahrnehmung im frühen Spracherwerb. Sprache – Stimme – Gehör, 35, e91-e98.


Brandt-Kobele, O.-C., & Höhle, B. (2010). What asymmetries within comprehension reveal about asymmetries between comprehension and production: The case of verb inflection in language acquisition. Lingua, 120(8), 1910-1925. doi:10.1016/j.lingua.2010.02.008


Höhle, B. (2009). Bootstrapping mechanisms in first language acquisition. Linguistics, 47(2), 359-382. doi:10.1515/LING.2009.013

Höhle, B., Berger, F., Müller, A., Schmitz, M., & Weissenborn, J. (2009). Focus particles in children's language: Production and comprehension of auch 'also' in German learners from 1 year to 4 years of age. Language Acquisition, 16(1), 36-66. doi:10.1080/10489220802584550

Höhle, B., Bijeljac-Babic, R., Herold, B., Weissenborn, J., & Nazzi, T. (2009). Language specific prosodic preferences during the first half year of life: Evidence from German and French infants. Infant Behavior and Development, 32(3), 262-274. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2009.03.004

Bartels, S., Darcy, I., & Höhle, B. (2009). Schwa syllables facilitate word segmentation for 9-month-old German-learning infants. In J. Chandlee, M. Franchini, S. Lord, & G.-M. Rheiner (Eds.), Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development (Vol. 1, pp. 73-84). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.

Müller, A., Höhle, B., Schmitz, M., & Weissenborn, J. (2009). Information structural constraints on children's early language production: The acquisition of the focus particle auch ('also') in German-learning 12- to 36-month-olds. First Language, 29(4), 373-399. doi:10.1177/0142723709105314

2008 and before

Herold, B., Höhle, B., Walch, E., Weber, T., & Obladen, M. (2008). Impaired word stress pattern discrimination in very-low-birthweight infants during the first 6 months of life. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 50(9), 678-683. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8749.2008.03055.x

Höhle, B., Schmitz, M., Santelmann, L. M., & Weissenborn, J. (2006). The recognition of discontinuous verbal dependencies by German 19-month-olds: Evidence for lexical and structural influences on children's early processing capacities. Language Learning and Development, 2(4), 277-300. doi:10.1207/s15473341lld0204_3

Höhle, B., van de Vijver, R., & Weissenborn, J. (2006). Word processing at 19 months at its relation to language performance at 30 months: A retrospective analysis of data from German learning children. Advances in Speech and Language Pathology, 8(4), 356-363. doi:10.1080/14417040600970614

Ott, S., van de Vijver, R., & Höhle, B. (2006). The effect of phonotactic constraints in German-speaking children with delayed phonological acquisition: Evidence from production of word-initial consonant clusters. Advances in Speech and Language Pathology, 8(4), 323-334. doi:10.1080/14417040600970622

Höhle, B. (2005). Der Einstieg in die Grammatik: Spracherwerb während des ersten Lebensjahres. Forum Logopädie, 6(19), 16-21.

Höhle, B., Weissenborn, J., Kiefer, D., Schulz, A., & Schmitz, M. (2004). Functional elements in infants' speech processing: The role of determiners in the syntactic categorization of lexical elements. Infancy, 5(3), 341-353. doi:10.1207/s15327078in0503_5

Höhle, B., & Weissenborn, J. (2003). German-learning infants' ability to detect unstressed closed-class elements in continuous speech. Developmental Science, 6(2), 122-127. doi:10.1111/1467-7687.00261

Höhle, B. (2002). Der Einstieg in die Grammatik: Die Rolle der Phonologie/Syntax-Schnittstelle für Sprachverarbeitung und Spracherwerb. Habilitationsschrift. Freie Universität Berlin.