Peer Reviewed Articles and Chapters

24 Entrich, Steve R. & Mona Syrbe(accepted): English Education in Germany: The Role of Private Tutoring - Findings from the National Education Panel Study (NEPS). In: Kevin Yung & Anas Hajar (eds.), International Perspectives on English Private Tutoring: Theories, Practices and Policies. (Series: International Perspectives on ELT, edited by Sue Garton & Fiona Copland). Palgrave MacMillan.

23 Entrich, Steve R. & Sho Fujihara(2021): New Horizontal Inequalities in Japanese Education? Examining Socioeconomic Selectivity in Study Abroad Intent and Pre-College Study Abroad Participation. CSRDA Discussion Papers 17:; under review for Research inSocial Stratification and Mobility.

22 Rogge, Franziska, Verena Nowak, Steve R. Entrich &Gülay Teke (2021): Rekonstruktive Betrachtung der digitalen Lehre: Was macht die Lehre mit uns und was machen wir mit der Lehre? Be-standsaufnahme zum Status Quo in der Corona-Pandemie. Zentrum für empirische Inklusionsforschung (ZEIF) 8(3): 1-16.                              

21 Entrich, Steve R. & Wolfgang Lauterbach(2021): Fearful future: Worldwide shadow education epidemic and the reproduction of inequality outside public schooling. In: Young-Chun Kim & Jung-Hoon Jung (eds.), Theorizing Shadow Education and Academic Success in East Asia: Understanding the Meaning, Value, and Use of Shadow Education by East Asian Students. Routledge: 234-256.

Publication metrics: 1 citation, 156 downloads

20 Entrich, Steve R. (2021): Understanding Cross-National Differences in Inclusive Education Coverage: An Empirical Analysis. IAFOR Journal of Education 9(1): 21-40. Special issue “Inclusive Education” (Guest editor: Tamsin Hinton-Smith). DOI:                                                         

19 Entrich, Steve R. (2020): Worldwide Shadow Education and Social Inequality: Explaining Differences in the Socioeconomic Gap in Access to Shadow Education across 63 Societies. International Journal of Comparative Sociology61(6): 441-475. DOI:                   

Publication metrics: 13 citations, 565 downloads, Journal5 year Impact Factor 2.418

18 Entrich, Steve R. & Wolfgang Lauterbach (2020):Gender- and SES-specific Disparities in Shadow Education: Compensation for Boys, Status upgrade for Girls? Evidence from the German LifE Study. Orbis Scholae 14(2): 13-38.DOI:             

Publication metrics: 5 citations, 129 downloads, Journal Impact Factor 0.189     

17 Entrich, Steve R. & Soo-yong Byun (2020): Supplementary Education at College and Its Consequences for Individual’s Labor Market Outcomes in the United States. IJREE - International Journal for Research on Extended Education 8(2): 116-137. DOI:                                

Publication metrics: 6 citations, 269 downloads, Journal Impact Factor n.a.

16 Entrich, Steve R. & Sang-Hoon Bae (2020):Extended Education at College and its Outcomes: An Introduction.IJREE -International Journal for Research on Extended Education 8(2): 111-115. DOI:

15 Netz, Nicolai, Daniel Klasik, Steve R. Entrich & Michelle Barker (2020):Socio-demographics: A global overview of inequalities in education abroad participation. In: Anthony C. Ogden, Bernhard Streitwieser & Christof Van Mol (eds.), Education Abroad: Bridging Scholarship and Practice.London,Routledge: 28-42.

14 citations, 201 downloads

14 Entrich, Steve R. & Wolfgang Lauterbach (2019):Shadow Education in Germany: Compensatory or Status Attainment Strategy? Findings from the German LifE Study. IJREE -International Journal for Research on Extended Education 7(2): 143-159. DOI:

Publication metrics: 10 citations, 298 downloads, Journal 5 year Impact Factor n.a.

13 Entrich, Steve R. (2019):Wer geht während der Schulzeit ins Ausland? Soziale Selektivität in der Akkumulation Transnationalen Humankapitals in Japan. Japan 42: 230-261.

12 Entrich, Steve R. (2019):More Individual Choice? Students’ Share in Educational Decision-Making at the Transition to High School in Japan (1995-2009). Asia Pacific Journal of Education39(3): 271-289. DOI:

Publication metrics: 11 citations, 412 downloads, Journal 5 year Impact Factor 1.847

11 Taki, Hirofumi & Entrich, Steve R. (2018):大学入試の多様化と学校外教育利 [Diversification of university entrance examinations and use of out-of-school education in Japan]. In: Fumiaki Ojima & Sohei Aramaki (eds.), 高校生たちのゆくえ-学校パネル調査からみた進路と生活の30[High school students’ pathways - 30 years of life course and school life trajectories as seen from a school panel survey]. Tokyo: Sekai Shisō-sha: 142-159.                                                                                                                              

10 Entrich, Steve R. & Lan Yu (2017):日本“影子教育”决策:学生的选择 还是家长的压力? [Behind shadow education decision-making in Japan: Student’s choice or parental pressure?]. 教育科学研究 [Educational Science Research] 28(5): 67-76 (in Chinese). Link:  

Publication metrics: 39 citations, 1801 downloads, Journal Impact Factor 2.069

9 Entrich, Steve R. & Yoko Yamato (2017):Nihon no juku kyōiku: Juku kenkyū no hitsuyō-sei [Japan’s Juku: Why Academics Should Care (More)!] In: Chiba Juku Association (ed.), Setsuritsu san jū-shūnen kinen-shi [Chiba Juku Association 30th anniversary commemorative book]. Yachiyo publishing: 14-24. (in Japanese & English) DOI:                                                           

8 Entrich, Steve R. (2016):Zunehmende Bildungsungleichheiten in Japan? Der Einfluss von Unsicherheit auf Bildungsinvestitionen von den 1990ern bis heute. Japan 39: 228-257.

7 Entrich, Steve R. (2016):Der Bedarf nach mehr: Erklärungen für die Persistenz der Juku-Industrie. Bildung und Erziehung 69(2): 155-174. DOI:                                                                                                      

6 Entrich, Steve R. (2015):The Decision for Shadow Education in Japan: Students’ Choice or Parents’ Pressure? Social Science Japan Journal18(2): 193-216. DOI:

Publication metrics: 56 citations, 1977 downloads, 4th most read article in SSJJ, Journal 5 year Impact Factor 1.241

5 Entrich, Steve R. (2015):Taking the risk: The impact of educational reforms on educational decision-making in Germany and Japan. In: Kobayashi, M., Trommsdorff, G., & Hommerich, C. (eds.), Trust and risks in changing societies: Proceedings of the 13th meeting of the German-Japanese Society for Social Sciences.                                

4 Entrich, Steve R. (2014):Effects of investments in out-of-school education in Germany and Japan. Contemporary Japan26(1): 71-102. DOI:

Publication metrics: 37 citations, 334 downloads, Journal 4 year Impact Factor 0.900

3 Entrich, Steve R. (2014): German and Japanese Education in the Shadow - Do Out-of-school Lessons Really Contribute to Class Reproduction? IAFOR Journal of Education 2(2): 17-53. DOI:         

Publication metrics:  26 citations, 877 downloads, Journal 5 year Impact Factor 0.625          

2 Entrich, Steve R. (2013):Causes and Effects of Investments in Shadow Education in Japan - A Comparative Point of View. In: Fumiaki Ojima & Sohei Aramaki (eds.), Gendai kōkōsei no shinro to seikatsu [Career and life of high school students today]. Kyoto: Doshisha Publishing: 157-182.                                                                                                   

1 Entrich, Steve R. (2013):Institutionalisierte Nachhilfe - ein vernachlässigtes Thema in der Bildungsforschung? Zeitschrift für Soziologie der Erziehung und Sozialisation 33(3): 321-327. DOI:                                       

Books and Edited Volumes

Entrich, Steve R. (forthcoming): Education, Social Mobility and Transnationality in Schooled Societies. Routledge:Habilitationsschrift.

Entrich, Steve R. & Wolfgang Lauterbach [eds.] (forthcoming):Persisting Educational and Social Inequalities in Schooled Societies – How Family Investment in Education Drives Inequality in Educational and Status Attainment in Germany, Japan and the USA. Routledge.

Wolfgang Lauterbach & Steve R. Entrich (forthcoming): Bildungsstruktur und Bildungssystem Deutschlands. Eine theoretische und empirische Betrachtung bildungsrelevanter Entwicklungen im internationalen Vergleich. Grundlagentexte der Soziologie. Beltz. (proposal accepted)

Entrich, Steve R. [guest editor] (2021): Extended Education at College and its Outcomes. Special issue of IJREE -International Journal of Research on Extended Education8(2).

Entrich, Steve R. [guest editor] (2019): Sondersektion Bildung. In: Japan 2019: Politik, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft. München: Iudicum.

Entrich, Steve R. (2018): Shadow Education and Social Inequalities in Japan: Evolving Patterns and Conceptual Implications. Heidelberg: Springer. DOI:

Entrich, Steve R. (2016): Shadow Education in Japan: An Instrument to Neutralize Disadvantaged Family Background? The Second Schooling System’s Contributions to Educational Opportunities. Doctoral Dissertation. Potsdam: University of Potsdam.

Entrich, Steve R. (2011): The Foundation of the Modern Japanese Education System - Joseph C. Trainor and the American Occupational Education Reforms Japan Following World War Two. Hamburg: Diplomica Verlag. (in German)

Working Papers, Reviews, and Online Articles

24 Entrich, Steve R. (2021):Education and Social Justice in Japan, by Kaori H. Okano. Book Review. International Review of Education 67. DOI:

23 Entrich, Steve R. & Soo-yong Byun (2020):Transnational Human Capital Accumulation and its Career Outcomes in the United States: Does Gender-specific Investment in Study Abroad Contribute to Social Inequalities? Conference paper, International Sociological Association RC28 Spring Meeting, University of Turku (FI).

22 Entrich, Steve R. & Wolfgang Lauterbach (2020):Structural Changes in German Secondary Schooling: Increase in Students’ Performance, a Weakening of the Social Gradient, Both, or None of Them? A Trend-Analysis with PISA data. Conference paper, AERA Annual Meeting San Francisco, CA. Link:

21 Entrich, Steve R. (2020):Effects of the Yutori Policy Shift From "Selection" to "Choice" for Social Disparities in Japan. Conference paper, AERA Annual Meeting San Francisco, CA. Link:

20 Entrich, Steve R. (2017):Worldwide Shadow Education: How and When Shadow Systems Affect Social Inequality. A Comparison of 50 Countries. Working paper. DOI:

19 Entrich, Steve R. (2013):Private Tutoring Across the Mediterranean - Power Dynamics and Implications for Learning and Equity. Edited by Mark Bray, André E. Mazawi & Ronald G. Sultana. Book Review. International Journal of Educational Development.

18 Entrich, Steve R. (2013):Education and Equal Opportunity in Japan, by Akito Okada. Book Review. Pacific Affairs 86(2): 411-413.

17 Entrich, Steve R. (2013):Juku - A Necessary Evil? Jukupedia.

16 Entrich, Steve R. (2012):German and Japanese Education in the Shadow - Do Out-of-School Lessons really contribute to Class Reproduction? Conference paper,Asian Conference of Education (ACE) Conference Proceedings 4: 236-252. ISSN: 2186-5892.

15 Entrich, Steve R. (2012):Bildung im Schatten - Nachhilfe als Chance auf Bildungsausgleich? – Die Schattenbildungssysteme Japans und Deutschlands auf dem Prüfstand. Tagung der Arbeitsgruppe für Empirische Pädagogische Forschung (AEPF) Conference Paper 2012.

14 Entrich, Steve R. (2012):"Shadow Education" in Deutschland und Japan - Eine Einführung in das Forschungsfeld. Working paper. Potsdam: UP-Verlag. (in German)

13 Entrich, Steve R. (2011):German Nachhilfe. Jukupedia.

12 Entrich, Steve R. (2011):Juku-Flyer: Learning American English in Chinese Juku-Courses in Summer. Jukupedia.

11 Entrich, Steve R. (2009):Ernst Krieck - Nationalsozialist aus Überzeugung? - Kriecks schriftstellerisches Werken auf dem Prüfstand. Studienarbeit. München: GRIN Verlag Gmbh. (in German) DOI:

10 Entrich, Steve R. (2008):Chinas „Energie-Imperialismus“ in Afrika - Öl um jeden Preis? Studienarbeit. München: GRIN Verlag Gmbh. (in German) DOI:

9 Entrich, Steve R. (2008):Die Zukunft Deutschlands - Die Schaffung wirklicher Chancengleichheit? Befunde aus PISA auf dem Prüfstand. Studienarbeit. München: GRIN Verlag Gmbh. (in German) DOI:

8 Entrich, Steve R. (2008):Rechtsextremistische Jugendliche in der DDR. Reproduzierung faschistischer Denk- und Handlungsmuster in der DDR-Jugend. Studienarbeit. München: GRIN Verlag Gmbh. (in German) DOI:

7 Entrich, Steve R. (2008):Kriegserziehung und soziale Lage der Kinder im Ersten Weltkrieg. Kriegspropaganda und Wehrhaftmachung. Studienarbeit. München: GRIN Verlag Gmbh. (in German) DOI:

6 Entrich, Steve R. (2008):Jugendgewalt als Resultat eines kulturspezifischen Leitbildes von Männlichkeit? Jugendgewalt in Deutschland und Japan im Vergleich. Studienarbeit. München: GRIN Verlag Gmbh. (in German) DOI:

5 Entrich, Steve R. (2008):Kulturspezifische Formen hegemonialer Männlichkeit - Untersuchungen zu den Leitbildern von Männlichkeit als Ursache von Gewalt und Kriminalität in Australien und Japan. Studienarbeit. München: GRIN Verlag Gmbh. (in German) DOI:

4 Entrich, Steve R. (2007):Die amerikanische Außenpolitik als Antwort auf Japans Aggression gegenüber China (1928-1941) - Der Weg in einen unvermeidlichen Krieg zwischen den USA und Japan? Studienarbeit. München: GRIN Verlag Gmbh. (in German) DOI:

3 Entrich, Steve R. (2007):Die Augusteische Flottenpolitik. Die Herausbildung stehender Flotten zu augusteischer Zeit am Beispiel der classis Germanica. Studienarbeit. München: GRIN Verlag Gmbh. (in German) DOI:

2 Entrich, Steve R. (2007):Nationalsozialistische Erziehung in der Schule - NS-Ausleseschulen als Nachfolger früherer Landerziehungsheime? Studienarbeit. München: GRIN Verlag Gmbh. (in German) DOI:

1 Entrich, Steve R. (2006):Die Amerikanische Revolution - Eigenverschulden Großbritanniens? Studienarbeit. München: GRIN Verlag Gmbh. (in German) DOI: