University of Potsdam
Biodiversity Research / Plant Systematics
Maulbeerallee 1 (room 2.06)
14469 Potsdam, Germany
Phone: +49 331 977 1939
The effect of landscape heterogeneity on biodiversity and ecosystem services in agricultural landscape
Balancing Agroecosystem Services In Landscape (BASIL) financed by BMBF (2015 – 2018)
BiodivERsA/FACCE-JPI 2013-2014 Joint Call on "Promoting synergies and reducing trade-offs between food supply, biodiversity and ecosystem services"
Prof. Dr. Jasmin Joshi (Hochschule für Technik, Rapperswil CH)
Prof. Dr. Christoph Scherber (Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Münster DE)
Dr. Karin Pirhofer-Walzl (Freie Universität, Berlin DE)
Biodiversity has the potential to buffer ecosystems against change and stabilise ecosystem functions and services. However, the suitable level of biodiversity to maximize ecosystem services in agricultural landscapes is not yet known and quantified. In the BASIL project, we aim at understanding the importance of diversity from the plot to the agricultural landscape scale evaluating intensively managed sites and adjacent natural habitats for abiotic and biotic characteristics, related functions and their contribution to ecosystem services.
My analyses focus on crop production, nutrient supply and pest control along transects from natural landscape elements (in-field ponds and hedgerows) into winter wheat fields in the Quillow catchment (Brandenburg). I established phytometer plots of a winter wheat variety at all transect points to compare for crop and vegetation traits, soil physical, chemical and biological traits as well as potential crop pests and their biological controllers.
I am working on agricultural weeds, soil mesofauna (Collembola, Acari), earthworms, ground-dwelling arthropods (beetles and spiders) and leaf and seed pathogens of winter wheat. The diversity and distribution of those communities will be evaluated in the context of measured rates, i.e. decomposition rates, predation rates of seeds, herbivory rates among others to gain more insights on the importance of landscape heterogeneity for the presented ecosystem services.
Sami S. Jabali: Der Einfluss von Söllen auf die Bodenmesofauna in einer Agrarlandschaft (Bachelor thesis)
Gregor Kablitz: Der Einfluss der Landschaftsdiversität auf die Abundanz von Regenwürmern (Bachelor thesis)
Bianca Wernicke: Agrarökosysteme besser verstehen - Der Einfluss von Landschaftsdiversität auf Herbivorie, Granivorie und Segetalflora (Master thesis)
Schaub, L., Pirhofer Walzl, K., Müller, M.E.H., Platen, R., Joshi, J. & Glemnitz, M.:
Measuring biodiversity driven ecosystem functions at the landscape scale - Impacts of landscape heterogeneity, biotope elements and land use. Landscape 2018: Frontiers of agricultural research, Berlin, Germany
Schaub, L., Pirhofer Walzl, K., Scherber, C. & Joshi, J.: How much does landscape diversity contribute to yield in winter-wheat fields? Joint annual meeting: Ecology across borders with BES, GfÖ, NECOV & EEF, Ghent, Belgium
Schaub, L., Pirhofer Walzl, K., Scherber, C. & Joshi, J.: Do soil-borne ecosystem services react to landscape diversity in agriculture? 46th Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of Germany, Austria and Switzerland (GfÖ), Marburg, Germany
Schaub, L., Pirhofer Walzl, K. & Joshi, J.: Balancing Agroecosystem Services In Landscapes. Global Soil Week 2015, Berlin, Germany
Schaub, L., Jabali, S., Pirhofer Walzl, K., Scherber, C. & Joshi, J.: How to assess ecosystem services at a landscape scale? Annual Meeting 2015 of the British Ecological Society (BES), Edinburgh, GB
Schaub, L., Heinze, J. & Joshi, J.: Impact of agricultural practices on plant-soil feedbacks. 27th Conference of the Plant Population Biology Section of the Ecological Society of Germany, Austria and Switzerland (GfÖ), Konstanz, Germany
Schaub, L., Timm-Berger, H., Heinze, J. & Joshi, J.: Allelopathic potential of Robinia pseudoacacia L. 27th Conference of the Plant Population Biology Section of the Ecological Society of Germany, Austria and Switzerland (GfÖ), Konstanz, Germany