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Dr. Gunnar Jacob

 

Campus Golm
House 2, Room 0.05

Dr. Gunnar Jacob

Biography

2005

Diplom in Psychology, University of Münster, Germany

2005 - 2010

PhD in Psycholinguistics, University of Dundee (Scotland, UK)

PhD topic: The role of the native language in foreign-language syntactic processing

2011

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of Kaiserslautern

Since October 2011

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Potsdam Research Institute for Multilingualism (PRIM)

Dr. Gunnar Jacob

 

Campus Golm
House 2, Room 0.05

Research Interests

Imagine you learn a foreign language at school, and later become highly proficient in it. You might even become so good at it that a native speaker of that language would not recognize that you are actually not a native speaker. But does that mean that your brain deals with the language in the same way as the brain of a native speaker? Or does the fact that you acquired the language in a totally different way still have consequences for how that language is represented in your brain? It is questions like this which I find fascinating.

Within this area, my main interest is in syntactic and morphological processing. For example, I'm interested in how non-native speakers process ambiguous sentences, or how they deal with morphologically-complex words. I am also interested in the role of the native language in non-native language processing.

Language processing in the human mind and brain is extremely fast. Actually, when we listen to a sentence, we do not even notice how our brain processes it. This is why we make use of sophisticated methods, such as particular reaction time experiments, eye-tracking, EEG, or fNIRS, to study language processing.

Publications

Papers

Jacob, G., Şafak, D.F., Demir, O. & Kırkıcı, B. (2018). Preserved morphological processing in heritage speakers: A masked priming study on Turkish. Second language Research, doi: 10.1177/0267658318764535

Jacob, G. (2017). Morphological priming in bilingualism research. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, doi: 10.1017/S1366728917000451   

Veríssimo, J., Heyer, V., Jacob, G., & Clahsen, H. (2017). Selective Effects of Age of Acquisition on Morphological Priming: Evidence for a Sensitive Period. Language Acquisition. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10489223.2017.1346104

Jacob, G., Lago, S., & Patterson, C. (2017). L2 processing and memory retrieval: Some empirical and conceptual challenges. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 20(4), 691-693. doi: 10.1017/S1366728916000948

Jacob, G., Heyer, V., & Veríssimo, J. (2017). Aiming at the same target: A masked priming study directly comparing derivation and inflection in the second language. International Journal of Bilingualism. https://doi.org/10.1177/1367006916688333

Jacob, G., Katsika, K., Family N., and Allen, S.E.M. (2016). The role of constituent order and level of embedding in cross-linguistic structural priming, Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. doi:10.1017/S1366728916000717

Jacob, G., and Kırkıcı, B. (2016). The processing of morphologically complex words in a specific speaker group: A masked-priming study with Turkish heritage speakers. The Mental Lexicon,11, 2, 308-328. doi:10.1075/ml.11.2.06jac

Nakano, Y., Ikemoto, Y., Jacob, G., and Clahsen, H. (2016). How Orthography Modulates Morphological Priming: Subliminal Kanji Activation in Japanese. Frontiers in Psychology. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00316

Jacob, G. & Felser, C. (2016). Reanalysis and semantic persistence in native and nonnative garden-path recovery. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69(5), 907-925.

Jacob, G. (2015). The L2 decomposition of transparent derived verbs - Is it ‘morphological’? A commentary on De Grauwe, Lemhöfer, Willems, & Schriefers (2014). Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9:220, doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00220.

Jacob, G., Fleischhauer, E. & Clahsen, H. (2013). Stem allomorphy and affixation in morphological processing: A cross-modal priming study with late bilinguals. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 16, 924-933.

Van Gompel, R.P.G., Pickering, M.J., Pearson, J., & Jacob, G. (2006). The activation of inappropriate analyses in garden-path sentences: Evidence from structural priming. Journal of Memory and Language, 55, 335-362.

Book Chapters

Jacob, G. (2018). Morphologische Verarbeitung bei L2-Lernern. In: Schimke, S., & Hopp, H. (Hrsg.). Sprachverarbeitung im Zweitspracherwerb. De Gruyter.

 

Selected Recent Conference Presentations

Ciaccio, L.A., & Jacob, G. (2017). The role of orthography in the L2 processing of complex words: An overt priming study. 10th International Morphological Processing Conference, Trieste, Italy, 22-24 June.

Jacob, G., Wartenburger, I., Mutyala, R. & Clahsen, H. (2016). A tale of blood and light – Using near-infrared spectroscopy to study the production of inflected forms in L2 learners of English. Talk presented by Gunnar Jacob at the 17th International Morphology Meeting (IMM17), Vienna, Austria, 18-21 Februar.

Veríssimo, J., Heyer, V., Jacob, G. & Clahsen, H. (2015). A critical period for the acquisition of inflectional rules: Selective effects of age of acquisition on morphological priming. Talk presented by João Veríssimo at the 21st AMLaP conference, University of Malta, Valetta, Malta, 3-5 September.

Jacob, G., Wartenburger, I., Mutyala, R. & Clahsen, H. (2015): Contribution of the left hemisphere in the production of inflected verbs in native and non-native speakers. Talk presented by Gunnar Jacob and Isabell Wartenburger at the DAAD Workshop "Grammar in the Mental Lexicon", University of Potsdam, Germany, 1 August.

Veríssimo, J., Heyer, V., Jacob, G. & Clahsen, H. (2015). Selective effects of age of acquisition on morphological priming. Talk presented by João Veríssimo at the DAAD Workshop "Grammar in the Mental Lexicon", University of Potsdam, Germany, 1 August.

Jacob, G., Heyer, V. & Veríssimo, J. (2015). Is all morphology created equal? The processing of derived vs. inflected words in L2 German. Talk presented by Gunnar Jacob at the 9th International Morphological Processing Conference, University of Potsdam, Germany, 18-20 June.

Wartenburger, I., Jacob, G., Mutyala, R. & Clahsen, H. (2015). The production of inflected verbs in native and non-native speakers – a NIRS study. Talk presented by Isabell Wartenburger and Gunnar Jacob at the PuG 2015 conference, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 5 June.

Jacob, G., Heyer, V. & Veríssimo, J. (2015). The processing of derived and inflected words in L2 speakers: A masked priming study with Russian L2 speakers of German. Talk presented at the 10th International Symposium on Bilingualism, Rutgers University, New Jersey, USA, 20-24 May.

Heyer, V., Jacob, G., Kιrkιcι, B.  & Clahsen, H. (2014). Bilinguals see a scan in scanner AND in scandal: Masked priming evidence from English, German and Turkish. Poster presented at the 9th Mental Lexicon Conference, Niagara-on-the-Lake, Canada, 30 September - 2 October 2014.

Jacob, G. & Kιrkιcι, B. (2014). The processing of morphologically complex words in Turkish heritage speakers. Poster presented at the AMLaP  2014, Edinburgh, UK, 3 - 6 September 2014.

Jacob, G., Katsika, K., Kholodova, A., Family, N., & Allen, S. (2014). The role of global syntactic context in structural priming: Evidence from German. Poster presented at the AMLaP  2014, Edinburgh, UK, 3 - 6 September 2014.

Jacob, G., Katsika, K., Martinek, L., Family, N., & Allen, S. (2013). Cross-linguistic priming in German-English bilinguals: the role of global and surface syntactic structure. Paper presented at the International Conference on Multilingualism, Montreal, 24 - 25 October.

Budd, M.J., Festman, J., & Clahsen, H. (2013). ERP correlates of the production of inflected word forms in L2 English. Paper presented by Gunnar Jacob at the 9th International Symposium on Bilingualism (ISB 9), Singapore, 10 - 13 June.

Jacob, G., & Felser, C. (2013). Garden-path recovery in native vs. nonnative sentence comprehension: Evidence from eye-movements during reading. Paper presented at the 9th International Symposium on Bilingualism (ISB 9), Singapore, 10 - 13 June.

Jacob, G., Calley, M., Katsika, K., Family, N., & Allen, S. (2013). Syntactic representations in bilinguals: The role of word order in cross-linguistic priming. Paper presented at the 9th International Symposium on Bilingualism (ISB 9), Singapore, 10 - 13 June.

Jacob, G., & Felser, C. (2013). Dissociating reanalysis and semantic reinterpretation during garden-path recovery. Poster presented at the 2013 CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing, Columbia (SC), 21 - 23 March.

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