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Band 10

Obasi Okafor-Obasi:

The enforcement of state obligations to respect and ensure human rights in international law

 

Inhalt

 

I. THE NATURE AND FORM OF INTERNATIONAL LAW
 

1. The acceptance of the existence of an international legal order
2. The legal position of the individual in international law

 
II. OBLIGATIONS OF STATES IN THE PROTECTION OF INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS
 

1. Treaty-based human rights obligations
2. The nature of treaty-based human rights obligations
3. The ”absolute” and ”objective” character of human rights treaty obligations
4. Human rights conventions as self-contained regimes
5. The problem of characterisation of human rights obligations of states

 
III. HUMAN RIGHTS OBLIGATIONS ARISING FROM GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF INTERNATIONAL LAW
 

1. Obligations erga omnes and human rights norms
2. The outlawing of genocide as obligation erga omnes
3. Protection from slavery as obligation erga omnes
4. The outlawing of acts of aggression as obligation erga omnes
5. Protection from racial discrimination as obligation erga omnes
6. The basic rights of the human person as obligation erga omnes
7. Jus Cogens and the search for peremptory norms of human rights
8. International crimes and human rights norms
9. The relationship between the concepts: erga omnes, jus cogens, international crime and human rights

 
IV. INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS FOR THE COERCIVE ENFORCEMENT OF STATE OBLIGATIONS TO ‘RESPECT AND ENSURE’ HUMAN RIGHTS
 

1. Countermeasures as consequences of breach of treaties in international law
2. Application of reprisals for the enforcement of treaty-based human rights obligations
3. Intervention for the protection of human rights in international law
4. Intervention by the Security Council for the protection of human rights: the situation before the East-West détente
5. Humanitarian intervention after the end of the Cold War
6. The legal nature of ECOWAS intervention in the Liberian Civil War
7. The legality of NATO’s intervention in Kosovo
8. Some instances of intervention with mixed motives

 
V. NON-FORCEFUL MEASURES FOR THE ENFORCEMENT OF STATES’ HUMAN RIGHTS OBLIGATIONS
 

1. Economic and financial pressure as means of enforcing states’ obligation to respect and observe human rights
2. The application of the clausula rebus sic stantibus for the protection of human rights
3. The enforcement of human rights through the World Bank
4. The enforcement of human rights through the ILO
5. Diplomatic recognition as an instrument for securing a state's respect and promotion of human rights
6. Refusal to comply with an extradition agreement as a means of enforcing a state’s human rights obligations
7. Denial of immunity as a means of enforcing a state’s human rights obligations
8. Publicity as an instrument for the enforcement of human rights

 
VI. JUDICIAL ENFORCEMENT OF STATE OBLIGATIONS TO ‘RESPECT AND ENSURE’ HUMAN RIGHTS
 

1. Enforcement of human rights through International Criminal Tribunals
2. The International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia
3. The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
4. The International Special Court of Sierra Leone

 

RÉSUMÉ

ISSN 1435-9154

149 Seiten

 

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